An Occiput to Pelvis model with normal cervical, scoliotic thoracic, and degenerative lumbar spine for open posterior surgical approaches.
Trauma: model includes stenosis at L4-L5 and bilateral L5 pars fracture.
Spondylolisthesis: contains an L3-L4 lateral listhesis, L4-L5 grade 2 anterolisthesis, and L5 grade 1 anterolisthesis.
Scoliosis: contains a Lenke 1A thoracic spine
Suggested add-ons: radiolucent soft tissue, cervical and lumbar nerve roots, thecal sac and ligamentum flavum.